Molecular breeding is the use of tools of biotechnology (DNA markers/genes) as a substitute for phenotypic selection and to accelerate the improvement of crop cultivars for desired traits. Molecular breeding involves the following steps to achieve targeted crop improvement..

  • Development of mapping populations in target crops
  • Identifying genes/QTLs for yield potential and stability
  • Identifying high-yielding, stable genotypes (low G x E x M)
  • Understanding of genetic networks for correlated traits
  • Construction of selection indices across traits
  • Pyramiding multiple genes for single/multiple traits
  • Delivering improved germplasm and new cultivars

KIAAR is in the process of initiating new breeding program for abiotic stress resistance using marker assisted breeding.